LUMA System methods
Explore 36 human-centered design methods, organized into three fundamental design skills
PEOPLE & SYSTEMS
PATTERNS & PRIORITIES
MODELING & PROTOTYPING
Looking: Methods for observing human experience
Stepping out of your native environment to learn what people do in the places they inhabit is a great way to discover opportunities for innovation. The methods in this grouping are good for studying human behavior in its natural setting.
A technique for gathering information through direct dialogue
An approach to conducting field research in an unobtrusive manner
An approach to interviewing and observing people in their own environment
A way of building empathy for people through firsthand experience
Innovators offer solutions that people don’t even know they want. This cluster of methods allows you to engage with your intended audience by equipping them with creative ways to express themselves. If you pay close attention you’ll discover critical and latent needs.
What's on Your Radar?
An exercise in which people plot items according to personal significance
Buy a Feature
A game in which people use artificial money to express trade-off decisions
Build Your Own
An activity in which people express ideal solutions using symbolic elements
An activity that invites people to record personal experiences in words and pictures
When you look at things critically, with an eye toward improvement, you set your course in the direction of making things better. These methods are good for assessing the usefulness and usability of solutions meant to serve people in new and better ways.
A testing format where people narrate their experience while performing a given task
An auditing procedure based on ten rules of thumb for good design
A forum for people to give and receive constructive feedback
System Usability Scale
A short survey for quantifying feedback from subjective assessments of usability
Understanding: Methods for analyzing challenges and opportunities
People & Systems
Innovation happens when you understand a subject area so well that you are able to transcend and sometimes even reinvent it. This cluster of methods will support your ability to consider all kinds of people, places, and things in your pursuit of creating new value.
A way of diagramming the network of people who have a stake in a given system
An informed summary of the mindset, needs, and goals typically held by key stakeholders
A way of mapping a person’s journey through a set of circumstances or tasks
A way of depicting the relationships between various concepts in a given topic area
Patterns & Priorities
The dual act of finding patterns and determining prioritization is essential in pursuing innovation. The methods in this grouping encourage clear and critical thinking. They are good for discerning what is related, what is relevant, and what is important.
A graphic technique for sorting items according to similarity
A way of ranking items in order of importance using a target diagram
A quad chart for plotting items by relative importance and difficulty
Visualize the Vote
A quick poll of collaborators to reveal preferences and opinions
To be an effective problem solver, you need to be a creative problem framer. In many cases, innovative solutions emerge out of a different way of characterizing the problem. These invaluable methods help you to think differently by enabling you to ask differently.
Problem Tree Analysis
A way of exploring the causes and effects of a particular issue
An approach to phrasing problem statements that invites broad exploration
A way of reconsidering a problem statement by broadening or narrowing its focus
Rose, Thorn, Bud
A technique for identifying things as positive, negative, or having potential
Making: Methods for envisioning future possibilities
Conceiving great ideas is only part of the equation for innovation, yet it is absolutely essential. These methods are a good alternative to conventional brainstorming techniques. They will accelerate and expand your ability to generate new concepts.
A series of small drawings used to quickly explore a variety of ideas
A format for sparking new ideas at the intersections of distinct categories
An activity in which ideas evolve as they are passed from person to person
A way of using different perspectives to help generate fresh ideas
Modeling & Prototyping
Aversion to risk is a major barrier to innovation. If you are afraid to fail, you will fall prey to the habit of insufficient experimentation. This cluster of methods will help you bring new ideas to life and take controlled risks through fast and frequent iteration.
A series of images showing the key elements and interactions of a new scenario
An outline of the structure and essential components of a system
Rough & Ready Prototyping
A rapidly built model of a new idea that approximates its appearance and behavior
A refined model of a new idea that emphasizes the visual styling
Unfortunately, many good ideas fail to become innovations simply because their creators fail to convey the concept’s full potential. The methods in this grouping help you compel others to take the necessary actions for great ideas to flourish.
A presentation format illustrating the main points of a new idea
A short movie showing the attributes of a new concept in use
Cover Story Mock-up
A mock news article describing the successful future of a new idea
Quick Reference Guide
A short document summarizing the key principles and elements of a proposed solution